- Demonstrate effective use of organizational patterns
- Describe standard practices and methods for creating engaging speech content
In this practice exercise, you will explore the importance of organizing the main ideas of a speech into a pattern.
A two-page (500-word) paper and answers to exercise questions
Step 1 Write definitions for patterns of organization.
In a two-page (500-word) paper, write a brief definition or description in your own words for each of the following patterns used to structure the flow of information in a speech:
- Topical Pattern
- Chronological Pattern
- Spatial Pattern
- Causal Pattern
- Monroe’s Motivated Sequence
Step 2 Read the list below of statements about the topic of friendship.
Determine which of the patterns of organization might be useful to create a logical flow of information for the statements. Select one pattern of organization to use to organize the statements. It can be one of the six that you defined in Step 2 or another one from any of the lesson materials or another source.
Statements About Friendship*
- We develop an acquaintanceship.
- Friendship is an interpersonal relationship between two persons that is characterized by mutual positive regard.
- We meet.
- In order to understand friendships, we need to see what a friendship is and its stages of development.
- Friendship is one of the most important of our interpersonal relationships.
- We develop an intimate friendship.
- Friendships develop through various stages.
- Friendships don’t develop full blown but rather go through various stages-from the initial meeting to intimate friendship.
- We develop a casual friendship.
- By understanding friendship we will be in a better position to develop and maintain productive and enjoyable friendships.
- Friendship-an interpersonal relationship characterized by mutual positive regard-is one of our most important assets.
- We develop a close relationship.
- Friendship is vital to all of us.
*These statements are from the Organizing a Scrambled Outline activity on the Course Compass website
Step 3 Arrange the statements about friendship.
Arrange the statements to form a logical flow. Modify your arrangement as many times as needed to fit one of the organizational patterns you learned about in the lesson.
Step 4 Write the heading Introduction.
On the top of a sheet of blank paper, write the heading Introduction. Determine which statements you would include in the speech introduction. Then fill in the rest of the components of an introduction.
Step 5 Write the heading Body.
On the top of a second sheet of blank paper, write the heading Body. Determine which statements you would include in the body of the speech.
Step 6 Write the heading Conclusion.
On the top of a third sheet of blank paper, write the heading Conclusion. Determine which statements you would include in the conclusion of the speech. Then fill in the rest of the components of a conclusion.
Step 7 Enter the information.
In your word processing document, enter the headings and associated statements.
Step 8 Answer the questions.
- Which pattern of organization did you use to structure the flow of statements?
- Are there any other patterns that you could have potentially used? If so, which one(s)?
Step 9 Save and submit your assignment.
When you have completed the assignment, save a copy for yourself in an easily accessible place and submit a copy to your instructor using the dropbox.