Part 1: Essay question, 50 points.
Using either the Matrix of Domination OR Dean Spadeâ€™s analysis of poweras a theoretical framework, describe the cycle of poverty and criminalization that disproportionately affects transgender people of color.
Your 2-3-page essay should have a clear thesis statement, sub-claims and detailed supporting evidence. Please cite evidence from the assigned readings with the author name and page number. Short quotations are fine, as long as they are thoroughly analyzed and interpreted in your own words. Your similarity score for the essay question should be 20% or lower. You may study together with classmates, but answers and essays MUST be written in your own words.
A. Describe the relationships between transphobia, racism, poverty & housing instability, underground economy work, policing practices, and likelihood and outcomes of incarceration.
In your answer, define and explain intersectionality and the Matrix of Domination. (Use Collinsâ€™s theoretical framework to answer the question.)
B. Describe the relationships between transphobia, racism, poverty & housing instability, underground economy work, policing practices, and likelihood and outcomes of incarceration.
In your answer, define and explain disciplinary and population-management power. (Use Spadeâ€™s theoretical framework to answer the question.)
Part 2: Short answer/Concept IDs (4 points each).
Define or describe and give an example or explain the concept, event or personâ€™s historical significance:
1. Who was Victoria Arellano? Draw on your understanding of intersectionality or state violence to describe how the carceral system responded to different facets of Arellanoâ€™s identity.
2. Who are the Mariposas Sin Fronteras and how do they provide both individual support and fight for broader social change?
3. Who is Janetta Johnson? How does her story illuminate the harms of gender misclassification in jails and prisons? How are organizations led by trans women of color fighting against these harms?
4. Describe the conditions that led to the Comptonâ€™s Cafeteria Riot, and this riotâ€™s historical significance.
5. What is prison abolitionism? What are three concrete steps that abolitionist authors think must be taken toward prison abolition
6. What is the perpetrator perspective? Describe Spadeâ€™s critique.
7. Discuss the case of Bresha Meadows and how the â€œabuse to prison pipelineâ€ disproportionately affects Black girls.
8. In the film Free CeCe, lawyer Chase Strangio says that trans women are perceived as criminals, even when they are victims. Explain this statement, using details from the case of CeCe McDonald.
9. Describe the case of Daniel Allen, and explain why this case is important in understanding HIV criminalization.
10. Who were the Vanguard youth? What were their social change goals, and what tactics did they use to fight for social change?
Part 3: Define the following words and phrases (1 point each):
2. Mutliple choice: Jaimie was ascribed male gender at birth. Jaimie now identifies as female. Jaimie is a transgender_____________________. (Choose one of the options below to fill in the blank.)
3. Genderqueer or non-binary:
6. Intersectionality theory (define without using the word â€œintersectingâ€):
8. Life chances: